Which woodpecker species live in Naliboki Forest?
Updated: Feb 24, 2020
In Naliboki Forest the markedly higher animal species diversity is registered. That happens not only due to the outstandingly high habitat heterogeneity and presence in a high portion of ecologically rich and(or) quite natural habitats. Naliboki Forest is situated in the transitional region of the European forest zone, and there boreal and nemoral faunas overlaps. Just the woodpecker assemblage reflects this phenomenon very well. In Naliboki Forest the more southern species such as the European green woodpecker, middle spotted woodpecker and grey-headed woodpecker are common as well as the more northern species such the three-toed woodpecker and black woodpecker are occurred fairly often in the habitats.
Great-spotted woodpecker Dendrocopos major
The great-spotted woodpecker is a non-migratory common species of birds and the commonest one amongst woodpeckers in Naliboki Forest. It lives in all forest types, nevertheless, there should be, at least, some deciduous trees, in which this woodpecker species prefers to make a hollow for nesting, but not in spruces and pines.
Middle spotted woodpecker Dendrocopos medius
The middle spotted woodpecker is a non-migratory bird and in Naliboki Forest it is only a more or less common species of woodpeckers in broad-leaved deciduous forests and mostly in the southern half of the terrain. It looks like the middle spotted woodpecker number and distribution increase.
White-backed woodpecker Dendrocopos leucotos
The white-backed woodpecker is a non-migratory bird and in Naliboki Forest and it is fairly common species of woodpeckers that mostly inhabits small-leaved deciduous swamped forests, in which tree-stands mostly consist of black alders and downy birches. In Naliboki Forest in this habitat type white-backed woodpecker prevails other woodpecker species. So as black alder swamped forests are widely spread in Naliboki Forest, the white-backed woodpecker may be not hard occurred there. The species makes a nesting hollow usually in these two tree species.
Lesser spotted woodpecker Dendrocopos minor
The white-backed woodpecker is a non-migratory bird and in Naliboki Forest it is a fairly common species of woodpeckers particularly in swamped black alder and downy birch forests that are situated at marshy openings with willow bushes.
Three-toed woodpecker Picoides tridactylus
In Naliboki Forest the three-toed woodpecker is a non-migratory rare species of woodpeckers. It is mostly occurred in spruce-prevailed forest in the northern and central parts of the terrain. In several massifs of spruce forest (e.g. in the localities of Jalowka, Tavaryshchyna, Valiavatka, Rawtsy, Zarudny Bor, Jamna, Nieha) the woodpecker species is really common.
Black woodpecker Dryocopus martius
The black woodpecker is a non-migratory species. It stickout species, however, its population density in Naliboki Forest is relatively low.
European green woodpecker Picus viridis
The European green woodpecker is a non-migratory species. It mostly lives in broad-leaved deciduous forest particularly in the Biarezina river valley. In the 1980s the grey-headed woodpecker was fairly common species there, but nowadays it became quite rare.
Eurasian wryneck Jynx torquilla
The Eurasian wryneck arrives in Naliboki Forest in April, and the species lives there until the end of September. It is a common species of birds, which has relatively high population density in deciduous forest in river valleys especially at the Biarezina river.
Grey-headed woodpecker Picus canus
The grey-headed woodpecker is a non-migratory species. It mostly nests in deciduous or mixed forest in river valleys, while afterwards range a lot and may be occurred in all forest types. The grey-headed woodpecker is quite frequently occurred in Naliboki Forest, particularly often in broad-leaved deciduous forests.